Skill Up & Ascension MaterialProof that you've been acknowledged as a hero. Many possess it, but they aren't conscious of it so they forget.
Okeanos: Pirate Ship (Free Quest) is the best AP-saving & time-saving location to farm Hero's Proof (Proof of Hero). You'll get around 6x Hero's Proof by spending 120AP.
Here is a list of servants that need Hero's Proof to perform Ascension or Skill-Up.
Rashoumon event (Ibaraki Douji event)
Murder at the Kogetsukan
Inheritance of Glory
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Caster of Midrash (Queen of Sheba)